Metacognition is a term that refers to a person’s awareness and understanding of her own thinking and learning process. Research confirms the connection between metacognition, self-regulation, and academic success for students with learning disabilities. The best way for math instructors to support the development of metacognition and self-regulation is to integrate activities and routines into their course that promote academic success and require self-reflection.

Below is a checklist of practices that support self-regulation and metacognitive awareness.

- Discuss the concept of metacognition and its meaning at the beginning of the course.
- Create a goal-setting activity at the beginning of the semester and ask students to set goals for the course.
- Create a routine for homework assignments that includes error analysis and opportunities for reflection.
- Example: A checklist for students to follow when completing homework assignments
- Example: Grading criteria for homework assignments that is available to students

- Develop a test analysis procedure for students to use to understand the nature of their errors.
- Assign students to keep a strategy notebook for their class notes and the strategies that they find effective.
- Create an end-of semester self-reflection activity so that students have an opportunity to review their successes and the challenges they faced during the course of the semester.